What are the Psoriasis types that exist and can you have more than one type?
There You might be reading this because you are newly diagnosed, or perhaps someone you know maybe has psoriasis and you would like to know more about it, whichever is the reason, if you are dealing with psoriasis at this time, stay calm! Because Psoriasis might be hard to deal with at times, but it is manageable and yes, it is a non-contagious skin disorder.
Psoriasis is manageable and it is a non-contagious skin disorder. There are seven Psoriasis Types we know today, and a person can have more than one type.
Although it affects the skin, it is more than skin deep. The cause is still not established clearly.
However, researchers suggest few theories; according to the majority, it is an autoimmune disease, while others insist it is caused by genetic factors and others say its toxin overload and caused by leaky gut.
There are 7 Psoriasis Types we know today
A person can have more than one type. Each type has different triggers and appearance of the plaques vary:
1) Psoriasis Vulgaris or Chronic Plaque Psoriasis:
- It is the most common type. According to online sources, about 80-90% of those diagnosed with Psoriasis have Psoriasis Vulgaris. The exact cause is still unknown, but many researchers agree that it is an autoimmune disease. Our immune system is designed to protect us from harmful bacteria and diseases, but in the case of autoimmune disease, our immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells. In Psoriasis, it attacks our healthy skin cells directly, causing disfigurement of the skin surface with Psoriatic Plaques.
- Characteristics of Psoriasis Vulgaris or Chronic Plaque Psoriasis: Psoriatic plaques may start as small oval-shaped red spots, covered with silvery-white, dry skin flakes that are much thicker than in other types. In severe cases, those spots might quickly grow and connect together and create much larger plaques. Plaques may be painful and itchy and if the damage is deep, it may even bleed and cause discomfort. It might affect any part of the body, mainly near joints, hairline, scalp, and even ears and face, it often has symmetrical distribution, especially on the elbows, knees and armpit areas.
2) Guttate Psoriasis or Eruptive Psoriasis
- This Is the second common type that is known to affect about 10% of the patients. It affects people at a young age. The exact cause is not established. However, experiences suggest it is more likely to be because of upper respiratory tract infections, as in the majority of the cases, patients with guttate Psoriasis have had streptococcal pharyngitis infection before the outbreak.
- Characteristics of Guttate Psoriasis or Eruptive Psoriasis: Guttate Psoriasis has small, drop-shaped, red lesions with fine scales, they don’t grow and connect like in plaque psoriasis, but separate erythematous papules 0.5 to 1.5 cm in diameter usually appear on the trunk and limbs.
3) Inverse or Flexural Psoriasis:
- This type primarily affects deep skin folds, including genital areas. It can be triggered by candida, bacterial, or localized dermatophyte infections. It often coexists with another form like plaque psoriasis, on other parts of the body
- Characteristics of Inverse or Flexural Psoriasis: Characterized by pink to bright red, shiny and inflamed skin patches, with minimal or no scales or dryness.
4) Pustular Psoriasis:
- Pustular psoriasis is a rare form of Psoriasis that affects adults and very rarely kids. Although pus is often a sign of infection, pustular Psoriasis is not infectious however it is a severe form and must be taken seriously
- Characteristics of Pustular Psoriasis: Small pus-filled bumps appear with red skin underneath. Lesions last up to a week and reoccur every few days, it can last in cycles over weeks or even months. It is associated with fever, leukocytosis, and hypoalbuminemia and recurrences are unavoidable. In rare cases, it may result in hypovolemia and kidney failure.
5) Erythrodermic Psoriasis:
- Another rare but aggressive, inflammatory form of Psoriasis that can affect all surfaces of the body, including the face, trunk, extremities hands, feet, and even nails. People who have severe plaque psoriasis can develop Erythrodermic Psoriasis but that’s not always the case. Medicals sites warn that a person who gets erythrodermic psoriasis must seek urgent medical attention.
- Characteristics of Erythrodermic Psoriasis: The surface of the skin appears pink to bright fiery red and can quickly spread to cover up the entire body of the patient. It may be itchy, painful and patients may experience an intense burning sensation.
6) Nail Psoriasis:
- Psoriasis inflammation can affect both fingernails and toenails, as well as the joints. As a result, people may have nail pitting, coloured spots on the nail, nail lifting and separation from the nail bed and crumbling of the nail plate. It can look like nail fungus, and very often, the weak nail becomes an easy target for nail fungus and person may have both nail psoriasis with nail fungus at the same time.
- Characteristics of Nail Psoriasis: Nail pitting, coloured spots on the nail, nail lifting and separation from the nail bed and crumbling of the complete nail plate and uneven surface.
7) Psoriatic Arthritis:
- 30% of Psoriasis patients may develop psoriatic arthritis between the ages of thirty to fifty. Symptoms are joint pain, stiffness, swelling or warmth, nails pitting or nail separation from the nail bed, lower back pain, eye redness and inflammation, reduced motion, fatigue.
- Characteristics of Psoriatic Arthritis: Finger and toes may look puffy, and swollen, you might feel stiffness, pain, and with severe cases, people experience finger and toes deformation and redness.
Psoriasis types effect on different body parts.
These 7 types can affect different parts of the body and classified as:
- It can affect our Scalp and cause hair fall – Scalp Psoriasis
- Affects the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet – Palmoplantar Psoriasis –
- It affects groin, armpits, in other flexion creases such as those around the genitals and buttocks and under the breasts. – Inverse or Flexural Psoriasis
- Affects our mouth and can cause red patches with yellow or white borders. swelling and redness on the tongue or smooth patches. Sometimes it can be confused as Geographic Tongue. – Oral or intraoral psoriasis
- It affects the diaper area in infants – Napkin Psoriasis
- Affects our Nails and Joints – Psoriatic Arthritis
If you are a warrior and have the answers to those questions, please share. Those who are lost can learn, and those who are strong can support.